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In Purloined Letter by Edgar Allen Poe its said "the best place to hide something is in plain sight"; which can prove true when the seeing are looking with eyes wide shut. 

It is not enough to see; one must not understand but comprehend what they are looking at. I ask you, what good is a label if you don't comprehend what your reading? 



Below you will find the beginning of chemical vocabulary this should be just enough to get you off to a good start. This list is not intended for you to memorize its purpose is to act as a reference when you are reading informative material or labels. To make this an easy resource for you we have put the vocabulary words into alphabetical order.  

ALPHABETICAL      
Chemical Vocabulary

Allergy- 
An immune hypersensitivity reaction of body tissues to allergens that can affect the skin (urticaria), respiratory tract (asthma), gastrointestinal tract (vomiting and nausea) or produce a systemic circulatory response (anaphylactic response).

Biodegradable-
Breakdown of a chemical into smaller less complex molecules by microorganisms in environmental media (e.g., soil, water, sediment).

Carcinogen-
A substance that causes or is believed to cause cancer. A carcinogenic substance is one that is known to cause cancer.

Dermal toxicity-
Toxicity of the skin which can range from mild irritation to corrosivity, hypersensitivity, and skin cancer.

Dermatitis-
Inflammation of the skin typically marked by reddening, swelling, oozing, crusting or scaling.

Dosage-
The determination of quantity of a substance received that incorporates the size, frequency, and duration of doses (e.g., 10 mg every 8 hours for 5 days).

Ecologic-
A term referring to the general environment.

Ecotoxicity-
The toxic effects on environmental organisms other than humans.

Environmental fate-
The fate of a substance following its release into the environment. It includes the movement and persistence of the substance.

Enzyme-
A protein which serves as a catalyst for chemical reactions in cells.

Enzyme inhibitor-
A substance which causes a decrease in levels of an enzyme.

EPA-
Environmental Protection Agency. A federal agency responsible for regulation of most chemicals that can enter the environment. The EPA administers the following acts: Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA), the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), Clean Air Act (CAA), and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liabilities Act (CERCLA) ( Superfund Act).

Epidemiology-
The study of the relative characteristics of exposed and nonexposed human populations for the purpose of detecting harmful effects.

Epidermis-
The outer layer of the skin.

Excretion-
A process whereby substances (or metabolites) are eliminated from the body.

Exposure-
Contact with a foreign substance, usually by inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact.

FDA-
Food And Drug Administration. A federal agency responsible for the safety evaluation of drugs, cosmetics, food additives, and medical devices.

Gastrointestinal-
Related to stomach and intestine.

Genetic toxicity-
Toxic effects that result from damage to DNA and altered genetic expression.

Genotoxic-
Toxic effects that result from damage to DNA and altered genetic expression.

Hazard-
The inherent adverse effect of a substance.

Health hazard-
Health hazard means a chemical for which there is statistically significant evidence based on at least one study conducted in accordance with established scientific principles that acute or chronic health effects may occur in persons exposed. The term "health hazard" includes chemicals which are carcinogens, toxic or highly toxic agents, reproductive toxins, irritants, corrosives, sensitizers, hepatotoxins, nephrotoxins, neurotoxins, agents which act on the hematopoietic system, and agents which damage the lungs, skin, eyes, or mucous membranes.

Hepatotoxicity-
Toxicity of the liver and associated bile duct and gall bladder.

Hepatotoxin-
A substance that is toxic to the liver

Hypersensitivity-
A state of altered immune reactivity in which the body reacts with an exaggerated response to a foreign agent.

Immunotoxicity-
Toxicity of the immune system. It may take several forms: hypersensitivity (allergy and autoimmunity), immunodeficiency, and uncontrolled proliferation (leukemia and lymphoma).

Interactions-
Refers to measures of effects of simultaneous exposure to two or more substances. The four types of interactions are: additive, antagonistic, potentiation, or synergistic.

Irritation-
Local tissue reaction without involvement of an immunologic mechanism. It is a reversible inflammation.

Metabolism-
The conversion of a chemical from one form to another.

Metabolite-
A chemical produced when a substance is metabolized by a biological organism.

MSDS-
A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a fact sheet developed by manufacturers for all products that contain a chemical. MSDS's include brand-specific information such as physical data (solid, liquid, color, melting point, flash point, etc.), health effects, first aid, reactivity, storage, handling, disposal, personal protection and spill/leak procedures.

Neurotoxin-
A toxic agent or substance that inhibits, damages or destroys the tissues of the nervous system, especially neurons, the conducting cells of your body's central nervous system. Neurotoxic effects can include behavior changes, seizures, as well as wide range of effects, including death.

OSHA-
The U.S. Occupational Health and Safety Administration, OSHA, is a federal agency in the U.S. Department of Labor that regulates workers? exposures to hazardous substances and requires manufacturers of products containing chemicals to develop an MSDS for each brand.

Petroleum distillate-
Petroleum distillates, also called hydrocarbons or petrochemicals, refer to a broad range of compounds that are extracted by distillation during the refining of crude oil. Petroleum distillates pose a special health risk if ingested and vomited. When swallowed, the lighter, more volatile distillate products can be sucked into the lungs interfering with the lung's functions and chemical pneumonia may result. Aspiration of fluid into the lungs can occur both during swallowing and vomiting of the product. Upon skin contact, petroleum distillates can produce local skin irritation and sensitivity to light in some individuals.

Poison-
A substance capable of causing toxicity when absorbed into the body in a relatively small quantity.

Reproductive toxin-
Toxicity of the male or female reproductive system. Toxic effects may include damage to the reproductive organs or offspring.

Respiratory toxin-
Toxicity of the upper (nose, pharynx, larynx, and trachea) or lower (bronchi, bronchioles, and lung alveoli) respiratory system.

Sensitizer-
A substance that causes an allergic immune response.

Systemic toxin-
A toxin that affects the entire body or many organs.

Toxicant-
An agent that produces adverse effects when absorbed into the body.

Toxin-
A specific protein produced by certain plants, animals and microorganisms that is highly toxic to other organisms (snake venom).

Resources:
Webster's Basic Dictionary
A Dictionary of Law Henry Campbell Black 1st and 2nd editions
Us department of health and human services
   

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